Education in Pakistan is a major concern for women. Statistics clearly show that poverty is one of the major drivers of women’s empowerment in society. However, the number of women and girls who are able to attain an education is decreasing. Lack of awareness among both women and men about education opportunities and the low participation in educational institutions are some of the key reasons for this continuing gender gap.
One major obstacle that most women face in Pakistan is an absence of available education resources. Most women residing in the rural regions of the country are often not able to attend primary school because they can’t afford the exorbitant cost of transport. Even in urban areas, there are numerous women and girls who are unable to attain an education. While women and girls from remote villages struggle to gain basic education, there are several organizations working diligently to transform such unfortunate circumstances.
Education in Pakistan is an attractive option for women from rural areas who are economically disadvantaged. Lack of financial support or unstable family life is one of the major reasons for girls from remote communities to live in towns and cities with limited education opportunities. Lack of social security also discourages them from pursuing education. Lack of education has also worsened the poor condition of girls from rural areas. Many poor and illiterate women are married off to much richer men, leaving them with no means of earning an income and therefore leaving them without any means of education.
In order to tackle these issues of poverty and education gap, Pakistan government along with private organizations and NGOs has launched numerous development projects. These initiatives aim at promoting access to quality education and promoting economic growth. However, without an active and powerful Government, no efforts will be successful. Education in Pakistan can be made available to girls through different government-aided and private organizations. In fact, both male and female members of Pakistan society can take advantage of the same.
Federal government along with various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) provides education scholarships, loans, schemes and grants for economically weaker girls in Pakistan. A large number of private institutions as well offer education in Pakistan at low costs. However, the quality of education offered by such schools remains questionable. Further, many of the schools provide only academic degree, while a few offer only diploma or associate degree.
The federal government is also pro-active in providing funds for education. Initially, the government had established an education investment fund (EIF), which is popularly known as PPP. This fund was used to purchase educational materials and equipment for students interested in studies. Federal grants for education in Pakistan are offered to students, teachers and other professionals involved in education. There are many private sectors as well that offer education loans to students interested in studies.
Besides government, NGOs and banks offer education loans to financially weaker students. Though, this is a big attraction for students from poor backgrounds. In addition to it, free teaching resources, free medical and other resources are also offered by the private sector. In fact, the poor condition of the education system in Pakistan has become much worse, as there are more students coming from poor backgrounds.
The education system in Pakistan has witnessed some radical changes in recent years. The curriculum has also undergone changes; the course offerings have also changed and the overall quality of education in Pakistan has declined. The worsening economic situation has resulted in the poor condition of education. But, fortunately, the situation is going to improve; the poor condition of the education system in Pakistan will be corrected soon.