University of Rochester and North Carolina State University Scientists have succeed first time to send massage beams through 240 meters of stone rocks using a beam of neutrinos. Neutrinos are the exotic fundamental particles which routinely pass through Earth to send a message through the ground.
Neutrinos are too tiny particles which contains approximate zero mass and neutral in charge. Hence electromagnetic force does not respond on it and due to approximate weightless, gravitational forces shows very weak impact on it. They almost never collide with other particles, generally passing straight through the atoms that make up matter.
NuMI particle has used as accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, with a 2.5-mile-circumference track and the 5-ton particle detector named MINERvA by the researchers.
Neutrinos rarely interact with other particles due to neutral in nature & extremely less weight. Neutrinos are incredibly hard to detect. To detect it, a special type of detector required because neutrinos so rarely interact with other particles.
“The likelihood of that occurring is very small, but if you have a big enough mass in the detector it will occur frequently enough to get a signal,” said study leader Dan Stancil, an electrical engineer at North Carolina State University. “One in every 10 billion neutrinos creates an event.”
“Using neutrinos, it would be possible to communicate between any two points on Earth without using satellites or cables,” said Dan Stancil, professor of electrical and computer engineering at North Carolina State University and the lead author of a paper describing the research, in a press release. “Neutrino communication systems would be much more complicated than today’s systems, but may have important strategic uses,” Mr. Stancil argued.
“In principle, you could have straight-line communication right through the center of the Earth, without satellites or cables,” Stancil said. “I can imagine there could be certain strategic situations where that could be very valuable.”
“Of course, our current technology takes massive amounts of high-tech equipment to communicate a message using neutrinos, so this isn’t practical now,” said Kevin McFarland, a University of Rochester physics professor who was involved in the experiment, in a press release. “But the first step toward someday using neutrinos for communication in a practical application is a demonstration using today’s technology,” Mr. McFarland added.
This technology may be used as a boon in marine communication without using Satellite. Neutrinos can transmit messages through walls, mountains, planets.
Stancil said, “The latest sense is the neutrinos did not in fact go faster than light.” He added, “Certainly we’d have to think through the implications for communications, but I don’t anticipate that anything like that would be possible.”